|Date of Issue||01/11/2019|
|Next Scheduled Review||01/08/2020|
|Policy Owner||Head of Quality and Compliance|
|Contact Phone Number||03333583344|
|Approved by||Senior Management Team|
|Policy Relates to:||End-Point Assessment Provision|
|Policy is for the use of:||Training Providers, Apprentices, TQUK Employees, Third Parties|
|Should be read in conjunction with:||Appeals Policy, Equality and Diversity Policy|
This policy is provided for Training Providers and their Apprentices undertaking Apprenticeships where TQUK is the End-Point Assessment Organisation (EPAO). It is also for use by TQUK staff members, to ensure they deal with all reasonable adjustment and special consideration requests in a consistent manner.
This policy outlines:
- our arrangements for making reasonable adjustments and special considerations in relation to End-Point Assessments
- how Apprentices qualify for reasonable adjustments and special considerations
- the reasonable adjustments we will apply
- what special considerations will be given to Apprentices
TQUK Internal Responsibility
The Quality Assurance Department is responsible for the maintenance and compliance of this policy. If the Head of Quality and Compliance is absent, the Responsible Officer will appoint another member of the Senior Management Team to ensure all TQUK’s actions and activities are in line with the content of this policy.
We will review the policy annually as part of our self-evaluation arrangements and revise it as and when necessary, in response to feedback, changes in our practices, actions from the regulatory authorities or external agencies or changes in legislation.
The annual review of this policy will be undertaken by the Quality Assurance Department approximately four weeks prior to the submission of TQUK’s Statement of Compliance to regulators. Any amendments or updates to this policy will be approved by TQUK’s Senior Management Team.
If you have any points or feedback regarding this policy, please contact us via the details provided at the start of this policy.
Training Provider’s Responsibility
It is important that Training Provider staff involved in the management, delivery and quality assurance of Apprenticeships for which TQUK acts as the EPAO, and Apprentices, are aware of the contents of the policy.
In addition, you must have internal assessment arrangements which support Apprentices in the completion of any formal qualifications they undertake as part of their Apprenticeship programme.
Arrangements not covered by this policy
Circumstances for both internal and external assessment not covered in this policy should be discussed with TQUK before assessment takes place. Please contact TQUK via the details provided at the start of this policy.
If a Training Provider wishes to appeal against a decision to decline requests for reasonable adjustments or special consideration arrangements, please refer to the TQUK Appeals Policy.
TQUK is committed to complying with all current and relevant legislation in relation to the development and delivery of our qualifications and end-point assessments, which at the time of writing includes, but is not limited to the Equality Act 2010. TQUK seeks to uphold human rights relating to race relations, disability discrimination and special educational needs of our Apprentices and to provide equal reasonable adjustments and special considerations for all Apprentices registered on TQUK for end-point assessment.
Assessment undertaken within approved TQUK Test Training Provider’s and carried out by a TQUK End-Point Assessor should be a fair test of Apprentices knowledge and performance skills. However, for some Apprentices, the usual format of assessment may not be suitable.
TQUK recognise that reasonable adjustments or special considerations may be required at the time of assessment where:
- Apprentices have a permanent disability or individual learning need/s
- Apprentices have a temporary disability, medical condition or learning need/s
- Apprentices are indisposed at the time of the assessment.
The provision for reasonable adjustments and special consideration arrangements is made to ensure that Apprentices receive recognition of their achievement so long as the equity, validity and reliability of the assessments can be assured. Such arrangements are not concessions to make assessment easier for Apprentices, or to give Apprentices an advantage over others.
There are two ways in which access to fair assessment can be maintained:
- through reasonable adjustments and
- through special considerations
Process for requesting reasonable adjustments and/or special considerations
If a Training Provider is making a request on behalf of a Apprentice/s, it should complete a Reasonable Adjustments and Special Consideration Request Form (see end of this policy) and in doing so supply relevant supporting information. For example:
- Apprentice’s name and TQUK registration number
- nature of, and rationale for, the request
- supporting information/evidence (eg medical evidence or a statement from the invigilator or any other appropriate information)
Requests for reasonable adjustments should be submitted no later than 7 days before the assessment.
Requests for special consideration should be submitted as soon as possible after the assessment and not later than 5 working days after the assessment. Requests for special consideration may only be accepted after the results of assessment have been released in the following circumstances:
- application has been overlooked at the Training Provider and the oversight is confirmed by the Training Provider co-ordinator
- medical evidence comes to light about an Apprentice’s condition, which demonstrates that the Apprentice must have been affected by the condition at the time of the assessment, even though the problem revealed itself only after the assessment
- for onscreen assessments where results are immediately available
If the application for special consideration is successful, the Apprentice’s performance will be reviewed in the light of available evidence. It should be noted that a successful application of special consideration will not necessarily change an Apprentice’s result.
How TQUK will deal with requests
We will acknowledge all requests within 48 hours of receipt. In most cases, we will be able to provide an outcome within the timescale as well, but in more complex cases which require input from experts, it may take longer. We aim to have issued outcomes to all requests within 5 working days. If we are unable to respond in this time, we will provide you with an estimated response date.
Definition of reasonable adjustments
A reasonable adjustment is any action that helps to reduce the effect of a disability or difficulty that places the Apprentice at a substantial disadvantage in the assessment situation. They are made to an assessment for an Apprenticeship Standard to enable a disabled learner to demonstrate his or her knowledge, skills and understanding of the levels of attainment required by the specification for that standard and detailed within the associated assessment plan.
Reasonable adjustments must not affect the integrity of what needs to be assessed, but may involve:
- changing usual assessment arrangements, for example allowing an Apprentice extra time to complete the assessment activity
- adapting assessment materials, such as providing materials in Braille
- providing assistance during assessment, such as a sign language interpreter or a reader
- re-organising the assessment room, such as removing visual stimuli for an autistic Apprentice
- changing the assessment method, for example from a written assessment to a spoken assessment
- using assistive technology, such as screen reading or voice-activated software
- providing the mechanism to have different colour backgrounds to screens for onscreen assessments or asking for permission for copying to different coloured paper for paper-based assessments
- providing and allowing different coloured transparencies with which to view assessment papers
Reasonable adjustments must be approved before any assessment activity takes place. The use of reasonable adjustment/s will not be taken into consideration during the assessment of a Apprentice’s work.
TQUK and approved Training Providers are only required by law to do what is ‘reasonable’ in terms of giving access. What is reasonable will depend on the individual circumstances, cost implications and the practicality and effectiveness of the adjustment. Other factors, such as the need to maintain competence standards and health and safety, will also be taken into consideration.
TQUK will review a request for reasonable adjustment/s on a case by case basis and will take into consideration the particular need of each individual Apprentice when making a decision to grant the request.
Definition of special considerations
Special consideration can be applied after an assessment, if there was a reason the learner may have been disadvantaged during the assessment.
For example, special consideration could apply to an Apprentice who had temporarily experienced:
- an illness or injury
- some other event outside of their control
- and which has had, or is likely to have had, a material effect on that Apprentice’s ability to take an assessment or demonstrate his or her level of attainment in an assessment.
Special consideration should not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage. The Apprentice’s result must reflect their achievement in the assessment and not necessarily their potential ability.
Special consideration, if successful, may result in a small post-assessment adjustment to the mark of the Apprentices. The size of the adjustment will depend on the circumstances and reflect the difficulty faced by the Apprentice.
Training Providers should note that:
- where an assessment requires the Apprentice to demonstrate practical competence or in the case of standards that confer a License to Practice, it may not be possible to apply special consideration.
- in some circumstances, for example for on-demand assessments, it may be more appropriate to offer the Apprentice an opportunity to take the assessment at a later date.
TQUK will review a request for special consideration on a case by case basis and will take the particular need of each individual Apprentice into consideration when making a decision to grant the request.
If you’ve any queries about the contents of the policy, please contact us on 03333 583344 or via email on email@example.com or on our website www.tquk.org
Section 1 – Making reasonable adjustments
Principles of making reasonable adjustments
These principles should be followed when making decisions about an Apprentice’s need for adjustments to assessment:
- should not invalidate the assessment requirements of the standard
- should not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage
- should reflect the Apprentice’s normal way of working
- should be based on the individual need of the Apprentice
TQUK and approved Training Providers have a responsibility to ensure that the process of assessment is robust and fair and allows the Apprentice to show what they know and can do, without compromising the assessment criteria.
When considering whether an adjustment to assessment is appropriate, TQUK and our Training Providers need to bear in mind the following (where appropriate for the related qualification):
- Adjustments to assessment should not compensate the Apprentices for lack of knowledge and skills. The Apprentices must be able to cope with the content of the assessment and be able to work at the level required for the assessment.
- Any adjustment to assessment must not invalidate the assessment requirements of the qualification or the requirements of the assessment strategy. Competence standards should not be altered. Whilst we will take all reasonable steps to ensure that an Apprentice with a disability or difficulty is not placed at a substantial disadvantage, in comparison with persons who are not disabled in terms of access to assessment, there is no duty to make any adjustment to a provision, criterion or practice which is defined as a competence standard. All Apprentices performance must be assessed against set standards. These standards cannot be altered, but it may be possible to change the delivery or process of assessment so that each learner has an equal opportunity to demonstrate what they know, understand and can do.
- Any adjustment to assessment must not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage or disadvantage compared to other Apprentices. The Apprenticeship of an Apprentice who had an adjustment to assessment must have the same credibility as that of any other Apprentice. As Apprenticeship outcomes may lead to continued employment, achievement of such Apprenticeship must give a realistic indication to the employer of what the holder of the certificate can do.
- Any adjustment to assessment must be based on the individual need of the Apprentice. Decisions about adjustments to assessment should be taken after careful consideration of the assessment needs of each individual Apprentice, the assessment requirements of the standard and the nature and extent of the support given as part of normal teaching practice. A Training Provider should not assume that the same adjustment will be required for all assessments. Different standards and different methods of assessments can make different demands on the Apprentice. The Apprentice should be consulted throughout the process.
- Any adjustment to assessment should reflect the Apprentice’s normal way of working providing this does not affect what is being assessed in any way. The Apprentice should have experience of and practice in the use of the adjustment.
- Any adjustment to assessment must be supported by evidence which is sufficient, valid and reliable.
- All adjustments to assessment must be authorised by the Head of Training Provider or a member of staff with delegated authority.
The process for making the adjustment
There are two routes through which an Apprentice may be granted adjustments to assessment. These routes are to:
- Use reasonable adjustments permitted at the discretion of the Training Provider
In some cases, TQUK may permit the Training Provider to implement reasonable adjustments without seeking prior permission. In these cases, TQUK requires Training Providers to keep records for inspection (including any declaration that are signed and dated by a member of the Training Provider staff who has formally been given delegated authority for this by the Head of Training Provider).
- Apply to TQUK for permission
Agree the adjustment with the Quality Assurance Department
Training Providers should keep records of adjustments they have permitted and those they have requested from TQUK. These records should normally be kept for 3 years following the assessment for which they apply.
The Training Provider contact must take responsibility for demonstrating the implementation and recording of adjustments to assessments for monitoring by TQUK or the regulatory authorities.
Qualification Specific Information
Health and safety considerations for assessments
There are no circumstances when the health and safety of an Apprnetice should be compromised during assessment. Where there is a concern that the effect of a person’s disability or additional learning needs may have health and safety implications for them or others, a suitably qualified person should carry out a risk assessment, related to the Apprentice’s particular circumstances.
The risk assessment should identify the risks associated with the particular activity, but should also take account of any reasonable adjustments put in place for the Apprentice which may remove or reduce the risk. The risk assessment may reveal that it is not possible for the Apprentice to fulfill all the requirements of the assessment. In this case, it may be appropriate to substitute another task. The Training Provider should contact the Quality Assurance Department to discuss individual cases where further clarification is necessary.
Assumptions should not be made about an Apprentice’s disability or additional learning needs, posing a health and safety risk. The health and safety of all Apprentices and others must always be of paramount importance.
Assessments which are not taken under examination conditions
Some standards require Apprentices to compile a portfolio of evidence or complete a project which can consist of a mixture of work products, observation reports, witness statements, knowledge tests, etc. Making appropriate access arrangements in assessments of this type can be simpler than in standards where the mode of assessment is more firmly fixed.
The benefits of being able to vary the assessment evidence and choose the most appropriate method of obtaining evidence should be considered when the Apprentice is first accepted onto a programme.
Where there is an identified need, the Apprentice may present their evidence in any format as long as it enables them to demonstrate that they have met the specific assessment criteria. For example, an Apprentice may present their evidence through audio cassette or on video. Alternatively, oral questioning or witness statements may replace written responses or signed delivery. Or for example, answers or evidence do not have to be in written or spoken format unless specified by the assessment criteria.
Where the Apprentice uses alternative means of providing evidence, the method must have equal rigour to those used for other Apprentices. The Training Provider is advised to adopt a flexible approach in identifying alternative ways of achieving the assessment requirements.
The Apprentice must fulfil the demands of the criteria consistently over a period of time, regardless of method used to obtain the evidence. The assessment criteria may not be amended, re-worded or omitted. The Training Provider is advised to contact the Quality Manager, to discuss alternative arrangements that may be appropriate for specific situations.
The Apprentice may use any mechanical or electronic aids which are available in the workplace or which are commercially available in order to demonstrate competence. For example, these may include specially adapted equipment or assistive technology. The Training Provider is required to ensure that an Apprentice has the necessary and appropriate resources to enable the Apprentice with access-related needs to produce evidence of developing the portfolio.
All adjustments should be consistent with the Apprentice’s normal way of working and must not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage over others.While assessors, internal and external quality assurers normally prefer to see a portfolio made up of evidence which is varied, the Training Provider should be prepared to accept a more restrictive variety of evidence as a means of enabling access. It is sensible, however, to discuss this matter with the assessor at an early stage.
Where reasonable adjustments are put in place for verified types of assessments, the Training Provider should check whether permission needs to be obtained from TQUK. The Training Provider should ensure that they adhere to TQUK’s requirements for record-keeping and supporting evidence.
In the case of long-term illness of an individual Apprentice or when a permanent health condition or disability means an Apprentice’s completion of assessment takes additional time, it may be possible to permit an extension to the deadline for the submission of work for assessment. A Training Provider should note that it will not be possible to allow time extensions for all assessments.
Where reasonable adjustments are put in place for these types of assessments, the Training Provider should check whether permission needs to be obtained from the Quality Assurance Department. The Training Provider should ensure that they adhere to TQUK’s requirements for record keeping and supporting evidence.
With these types of assessments, the centre has greater flexibility to be responsive to an individual learner’s needs and to choose an assessment activity and method that will allow the learner to demonstrate achievement.
These types of assessments may include, for example; coursework, set assignments which are researched in the learner’s own time, assessment activities devised by the centre or by TQUK, assessments where the learner has to collect, present or describe evidence, information or opinion in order to demonstrate achievement.
The assessment requirements for many vocational qualifications fall into the above.
In these types of assessments, the learner may meet the specified assessment criteria in any way that is valid. To facilitate access where there is evidence of need, the centre may:
- allow the learner to use any mechanical, electronic or other aids in order to demonstrate achievement as long as the aids:
– are generally commercially available
– reflect the learner’s normal way of working
– enable the learner to meet the specified criteria
– do not give the learner an unfair advantage.
- present assessment materials or documents in a way that reflects the learner’s normal way of working and enables them to meet the specified assessment criteria. For example, materials do not have to be in written or spoken format, unless specified by the assessment requirements.
- allow the learner to present their answers or evidence in any format as long as it enables them to demonstrate that they have met the assessment criteria. For example, answers or evidence do not have to be in written or spoken format unless specified by the assessment criteria.
The centre is advised to adopt a flexible approach in identifying alternative ways of achieving the assessment requirements. The centre is advised to contact the Quality Assurance Department to discuss alternative arrangements that may be appropriate for specific situations.
The outcome produced by the learner must at all times:
- meet the requirements of the specifications regardless of the process or method used
- be assessable
- be able to be moderated or verified.
In the case of long-term illness of an individual learner or when a permanent health condition or disability means a learner’s completion of assessment takes additional time, it may be possible to permit an extension to the deadline for the submission of work for certification. A centre should note that it will not be possible to allow time extensions for all qualifications.
Where reasonable adjustments are put in place for these types of assessments, the centre should check whether permission needs to be obtained from the Quality Assurance Department. The centre should ensure that they adhere to TQUK’s requirements for record keeping and supporting evidence.
Assessments for externally quality assured qualifications
Some qualifications require learners to compile a portfolio of evidence which can consist of a mixture of work products, observation reports, witness statements, knowledge tests, etc. Making appropriate access arrangements in qualifications of this type can be simpler than in qualifications where the mode of assessment is more firmly fixed.
The benefits of being able to vary the assessment evidence and choose the most appropriate method of obtaining evidence should be considered when the learner is first accepted onto a programme.
Where there is an identified need, the learner may present their evidence in any format as long as it enables them to demonstrate that they have met the specified assessment criteria. For example, a learner may present their evidence through the medium of Braille, on audio cassette or on video. Alternatively, oral questioning or witness statements may replace written responses or signed delivery.
Where evidence is produced in Braille or signed onto video, it is the centre’s responsibility to ensure that a person who is suitably qualified in Braille or sign language is available to translate the material for the internal and external quality assurer if this is required.
Where the learner uses alternative means of providing evidence, the method must have equal rigour to those used for other learners.
The learner must fulfil the demands of the criteria consistently over a period of time, regardless of the method used to obtain the evidence. The assessment criteria may not be amended, re-worded or omitted.
The learner may use any mechanical or electronic aids which are available in the workplace or which are commercially available in order to demonstrate competence. For example, these may include specially adapted equipment or assistive technology. The centre is required to ensure that a learner has the necessary and appropriate resources to enable the learner with access-related needs to produce evidence of developing the portfolio.
All adjustments should be consistent with the learner’s normal way of working and must not give the learner an unfair advantage over others.
While assessors, internal and external quality assurers normally prefer to see a portfolio made up of evidence which is varied, the centre should be prepared to accept a more restrictive variety of evidence as a means of enabling access. It is sensible, however, to discuss this matter with the internal and/or external quality assurer at an early stage.
Where reasonable adjustments are put in place for verified types of assessments, the centre should check whether permission needs to be obtained from TQUK. The centre should ensure that they adhere to TQUK’s requirements for record-keeping and supporting evidence.
Assessments which are taken under examination conditions
Where the method of assessment is more rigidly determined, such as for assessments taken under specified conditions there may be a greater need for adjustments to standard assessment arrangements in order to enable access in accordance with the arrangements outlined below.
Identifying Apprentice who are eligible for reasonable adjustments
Apprentices will only be eligible for reasonable adjustments if their disability or additional learning needs places them at a substantial disadvantage in the assessment situation, in comparison to other Apprentices.
Any adjustment to assessment will be based on what the Apprentice needs to access the assessment. Below are some examples of Apprentice needs that may be eligible for adjustments to assessments. This list is not exhaustive and it should be noted that some Apprentice needs will fall within more than one of the categories set out below.
Communication and interaction needs
An Apprentice with communication and interaction difficulties may have problems with reading or writing, the effects of which could be reduced through the use of a reader, word processor, scribe, British Sign Language (BSL)/English interpreter, screen reading software or voice-activated software. They may also benefit from extra time during assessments that are time-constrained to allow them to demonstrate their achievement.
Cognition and learning needs
An Apprentice with learning difficulties and difficulties with comprehension may benefit from extra time in time-constrained examinations. They may also need assistance with reading and writing.
Apprentices for whom English is an additional language
An Apprentice may benefit from extra time during assessments that are time constrained or who are using a bilingual dictionary.
The Apprentice’s use of a dictionary does not in itself justify allowing the Apprentice extra time, unless the Apprentice has to refer to the dictionary so often that examination time is used for this purpose instead of answering the questions.
Identifying Apprentices’ needs
Any adjustment to assessment should be based on the individual Apprentice’s needs to access the assessment.
The Training Provider has a responsibility to ensure it has effective internal procedures for identifying Apprentices’ needs and that these procedures comply with the requirements of the Equality Act 2010.
A Training Provider may choose to use the following guide:
- Identify Apprentices who are having difficulties or are likely to have difficulties accessing assessment
An Apprentice should be encouraged to make any access-related assessment needs known to the Training Provider at the earliest opportunity, and preferably before they are registered or entered for a qualification. To assist with the early identification of Apprentices with access-related assessment needs, the Training Provider should ensure that all staff who recruit, advise or guide potential Apprentices have had training to make them aware of access-related issues. Once the Apprentice’s need has been identified, it should be documented for audit purposes.
- Identify whether reasonable adjustments may be needed
Relevant Training Provider staff should decide, in conjunction with the Apprentice, whether he or she will be able to meet the requirements of the assessment or whether adjustments will be required. It is important that the learner is involved in this discussion, as he or she knows the effect their particular disability or additional learning need has on how they do things. Where the implications of particular additional learning needs are unclear, the Training Provider should make use of specialist advice in order to determine how their needs will affect their performance in the assessment.
The Training Provider should avoid making assumptions on the basis of previous experience, about whether adjustments may be necessary. Judgments must be made on the basis of individual need. If an adjustment is needed, it must be documented for audit purposes.
- Identify the appropriate adjustment
When identifying which adjustments the Apprentice will need in the assessment, Training Provider staff should take into consideration the Apprentice’s normal way of working, history of provision during teaching and during informal assessments and the assessment requirements of the qualification.
Simple adjustments may be appropriate e.g. adjusting seat height or providing an arm rest, etc. The Apprentice may not require the same adjustment for all types of assessment. Different qualifications make different demands. For example, an Apprentice with dyslexia may need extra time to complete a written test, but may not need extra time for a purely practical activity. Once the adjustment has been identified, it should be documented for audit purposes.
- Ensure that the adjustment is in accordance with the guidelines in this policy
The Training Provider must ensure that the adjustment will not impair the ability to assess the Apprentice’s performance, skill or knowledge fairly in each assessment.
Identifying and obtaining supporting evidence
Any application for an adjustment to assessment must be supported by evidence which is valid, sufficient and reliable using the form at the end of this policy.
In order to ensure that any adjustment to assessment will only provide the Apprentice with the necessary assistance, without giving him or her an unfair advantage over others, the Training Provider must be clear about the extent to which the Apprentice is affected by the disability or additional learning need.
Where the Training Provider can verify evidence of the disability or additional learning need and where the implications are clear, such as for an Apprentice with physical disabilities, profound hearing impairment or who are registered as blind or partially sighted, the Training Provider does not need to provide further evidence of these physical disabilities.
Where the implications of a particular need are not clear, such as some additional learning needs, or mental health issues, the Training Provider will have to provide additional evidence of the effect of the impairment on the Apprentice’s performance in the assessment. Any of the following types of evidence would be acceptable. The Training Provider should decide which of these will best assist understanding of the Apprentice’s situation.
- Evidence of assessment of the Apprentice’s needs in relation to the particular assessment, made within the training Provider by the relevant member of staff with competence and responsibility in this area; staff include learning support staff, teaching staff, trainers, assessors and other specialist staff.
If necessary, external experts may be called upon to assess the Apprentice. This evidence should include an indication of how the Training Provider plans to meet the Apprentice’s needs and should show that the Apprentice can cope with the level and content of the assessment. The evidence should be documented for audit purposes. Information from previous Training Providers attended by the Apprentice may also be included.
- History of provision within the Training Provider.
This should include information about the support previously received by the learner during the learning or training programme and during initial and formative assessments. Evidence of the way in which the Apprentice’s needs are being met during the learning programme should be documented for audit purposes.
- Written evidence produced by independent, authoritative specialists.
This could take the form of medical, psychological or professional reports or assessments. These reports should state the name, title and professional credentials of the person who carried out the assessments and wrote the report.
The report should set out the nature of the disability or additional learning need and extent to which the Apprentice is affected, including the effects of any medication that the Apprentice may be taking. In cases where it might be expected that there could be changes in the way the Apprentice is affected, there will have to be recent and relevant evidence of assessments and consultations carried out by an independent expert.
An Apprentice with a Statement of Special Educational Need does not automatically qualify for reasonable adjustments. The demands of the qualification should be taken into account. The reasons for the statement may have only limited effect on achievement in the assessment.
It is the Training Provider’s responsibility to ensure that all applications for reasonable adjustments are based on the individual need of the Apprentice and that the evidence in support of the application is sufficient, reliable and valid. A Training Provider should maintain records of all cases for audit purposes and to monitor the effectiveness of the reasonable adjustments that have been made.
Range of reasonable adjustments
The Permissions Table (in Appendix 1) lists the most commonly requested adjustments to standard assessment arrangements. It is not intended to be a comprehensive list and Training Provider’s, assessors and internal quality assurers have a duty to seek advice from the Quality Assurance Department, in any case where they do not consider that they have the necessary expertise to judge whether a reasonable adjustment is needed, and/or how it should be applied.
Training Providers should note that:
- not all the adjustments to assessments described below will be reasonable, permissible or practical in particular situations. If in doubt, the Training Provider is advised to contact the Quality Assurance Department, for advice. In some circumstances, it may be more appropriate to select an alternative assessment task for the learner.
- the Apprentice may not need, nor be allowed, the same adjustment for all qualifications. Some Apprentices may need a single adjustment; others may require a combination of several adjustments.
- adjustments to assessments will mostly be needed for assessments which are taken under constrained/examination conditions.
The list of reasonable adjustments is organised under the following headings:
- Changes to assessment conditions
- Use of mechanical and electronic aids
- Modifications to presentation of assessment material
- Alternative ways of presenting responses
- Use of access facilitators
Changes to assessment conditions
- Where assessment activities are time constrained, an Apprentice may be allowed extra time during an assessment if he/she has a condition which affects the speed of processing.
- The amount of extra time allowed should accurately reflect the extent to which the completion of the assessment will be affected by the Apprentice’s additional learning need. ‘Unlimited’ extra time will not be allowed. It is the Training Provider’s responsibility to specify the amount of extra time the Apprentice will need, using as a guide the extra time required during formative assessments in the Training Provider.
- Extra time will not be allowed for computer-based assessments testing the time in which a skill is performed, such as keyboarding speed tests. Extra time may, however, be available for those computer-based assessments where the manipulation of software, and not processing speed, is the primary aim of the assessment.
- Extra time for onscreen assessments may have to be customised for each Apprentice. In these cases, the Training Provider is advised to contact the Quality Assurance Department to apply for a time extension to be set up.
- Before allowing extra time for the assessment, the Training Provider should be satisfied that the Apprentice can cope with the content of the qualification and that the Apprentice is medically fit to undertake the extended assessment.
- Extra time will not be allowed in practical activities where the timing is a crucial part of the assessment or in group activities where the Apprentice’s performance will be assessed in conjunction with others.
- Extra time should not be allowed where its use will invalidate the assessment criteria.
- Extra time should not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage over others.
Change in the organisation of the assessment room
- Minor changes to the organisation of the assessment room may benefit some Apprentices with an autistic spectrum disorder, with visual or hearing impairment or with physical difficulties.
- Visually impaired Apprentices may benefit from sitting near a window so that they have good lighting.
- Deaf Apprentices may benefit from sitting near the front of the room and in good light.
- Some Apprentices may benefit from using chairs with armrests or adjustable heights.
- Autistic Apprentices may benefit from having visual/noise stimuli, such as a ticking clock, removed from the room.
The Training Provider should consider the needs of the individual Apprentice and, where possible, arrange the assessment room to suit the learner.
If the default font and text size used for an on-screen assessment is not suitable for the Apprentice, screen magnification software programmes may provide an option to magnify the text to a suitable size. Advanced screen software programmes used by TQUK provide options to change screen colours and fonts.
- Where appropriate, the Training Proivider should meet TQUK ’s deadlines for requesting enlarged assessment material, normally not later than four weeks before the date of the assessment.
- In cases where the Training Provider is permitted by TQUK to enlarge assessment material, the Training Provider should take responsibility for the security of the material and for ensuring that the entire document is enlarged.
- Apprentices should become familiar with the ways the screen may be adapted in onscreen exams by using the practice tests.
Other languages and use of translators
- TQUK primarily offer its qualifications and units in the language of English. Nonetheless, TQUK will undertake to support the delivery of our qualifications in other languages, most notably Welsh, Irish (Gaeilge) and British Sign Language where appropriate and upon request and evidence of sufficient demand. For example an Apprentice may be assessed in any other language where it is one of the primary objectives of the qualification:
– for the Apprentice to gain knowledge of, skills in, and understanding of that language, or
– to support a role in the workplace, providing that proficiency in English, Irish or Welsh is not required for the role supported by the qualification.
- In implementing any arrangements to support other UK-based languages, TQUK may engage with the relevant regulatory body to seek further advice and guidance on the most appropriate arrangements to put in place to ensure comparability of assessments, moderation and awarding.
- Assessments in other languages will only be allowed where proficiency in English, Welsh or Irish is not required in the workplace for individuals to be deemed capable of carrying out the role (associated with the Apprenticeship Standard). At all times requests from Training Provider’s/Apprentice’s for reasonable adjustments in relation to the use of other languages must be approved by TQUK in advance so as to ensure that final assessments would be comparable to that offered in English (Welsh and/or Irish)
- TQUK may permit the user of a translator if there is a strong rationale and it is clear that the lack of English, Welsh or Irish would not prevent an Apprentice carrying out the role that the unit/qualification relates.
- TQUK will not permit the use of an interpreter.
- If the Training Provider were to employ the translator themselves TQUK reserves the right to quality assure the assessments and the Training Provider must be able to produce evidence of the translator’s credentials.
- TQUK also reserve the right to employ its own translator to carry out an assessment and/or support our quality assurance of the Training Provider’s arrangements.
- Should a translator be used at the Training Provider then TQUK’s field staff (ie external quality assurer) will include Apprentice’s that have had the support of a translator within their monitoring sample.
Section 2 – Making Special considerations
We will review the circumstances and evidence surrounding each request for special consideration to ensure that the decision made maintains the equity, validity and reliability of the assessment for the Apprentice and does not give the Apprentice an unfair advantage.
An Apprentice who is fully prepared and present for a scheduled assessment may be eligible for special consideration if:
- performance in an assessment is affected by circumstances beyond the control of the Apprentice e.g. recent personal illness, accident, bereavement, serious disturbance during the assessment
- alternative assessment arrangements which were agreed in advance of the assessment proved inappropriate or inadequate
- part of an assessment has been missed due to circumstances beyond the control of the Apprentice
- there is a sufficient difference between the part of the assessment to which special consideration is applied and other parts of the qualification that have been achieved to infer that the Apprentice could have performed more successfully in the assessment
An Apprentice will not be eligible for special consideration if:
- no evidence is supplied by the Training Provider that the learner has been affected at the time of the assessment by a particular condition
- any part of the assessment is missed due to personal arrangements including holidays or unauthorised absence
- preparation for a component is affected by difficulties during the course, eg disturbances through building work, lack of proper facilities, changes in or shortages of staff, or industrial disputes.
- the disadvantage is caused by disregard for the Training Provider or TQUK requirements, recreational drugs or misreading of exam instructions.
- disruption in a controlled assessment environment is minor and momentary (such as a mobile phone ringing) and dealt with immediately by the assessment invigilator.
In the event that special considerations are granted the Apprentice will receive a 1%-5% lift in marks for a graded assessment. For assessments where the grading is only pass/fail the Apprentice will be given another opportunity to demonstrate competence or TQUK may accept evidence of the candidates previously having met the requirements of a particular criteria.
Appendix 1 – Reasonable adjustments permissions table
This table outlines some of the decisions on reasonable adjustments that can be made. However, Training Provider’s, Assessors and internal quality assurers have a duty to seek advice from TQUK in any case where they are in doubt if an adjustment is needed or how it should be applied.
- Permitted – Reasonable adjustment permitted at the Training Provider
- Apply – Apply to TQUK for permission
|Reasonable adjustment||Assessments NOT taken under examination conditions||Assessments taken under examination conditions|
|Extra time up to 25%||Permitted||Permitted / Apply *|
|Extra time in excess of 25%||Permitted||Apply|
|Supervised rest breaks||Permitted||Apply|
|Change in the organisation of assessment room||Permitted||Permitted|
|Separate accommodation within the centre||Permitted||Permitted|
|Use of bilingual and bilingual translation dictionaries||Permitted||Apply|
|Language modified assessment material||Apply||Apply|
|Assessment material on coloured paper||Permitted||Apply|
|Use of ICT||Permitted/ Apply *||Apply|
|Responses in British Sign Language||Permitted||Apply|
|Responses in Irish Sign Language||Permitted||Apply|
* Permitted at the discretion of the Training Provider unless ICT is implicitly or explicitly excluded in the Standard being assessed or in its associated Assessment Strategy or Qualification Manual
Appendix 2 – Glossary
|Access to Assessment||The removal of artificial and unnecessary barriers to the process of judging an individual’s competence.|
|Appeal||A process through which an awarding organisation or Training Provider may be challenged on the outcome of a decision|
|Assessment||The process of making judgements about the extent to which an Apprentice’s work meets the assessment criteria for a qualification or unit, or part of a unit.|
|Assessment criteria||The requirements that an Apprentice needs to meet in order to achieve success (or a given grade) in a qualification or unit, or part of a unit.|
|Assessment method||The means by which an individual’s competence is judged.|
|Assessment needs||The adjustments that some individuals require to the assessment strategy and/or assessment task in order to demonstrate that they can meet the required standard.|
|Assessment task||An activity undertaken by an individual Apprentice to show that he or she can meet the required standard.|
|Assessor||The person who assesses a Apprentice’s work.|
|Assistive technology||Mechanical or electronic devices which help individuals with particular needs to overcome these limitations.|
|BSL/English interpreter||An individual who interprets communication into and from British Sign Language|
|Carrier language||The language communication used by the awarding organisation to set an assessment task or test (which may not be the first/preferred language of the learner)|
|CCTV||Closed circuit television|
|Centre||An organisation or consortium accountable to an awarding organisation
y for the assessment arrangements leading to a qualification or units.
|Competence||The ability to perform to the required standard|
|Enabling technologies||See assistive technology|
|Externally set||Examinations or assessment tasks or assignments which are determined by the awarding body|
|External Quality Assurer||Person who checks that a centre’s assessment and quality assurance procedures comply with the requirements of the awarding organisation and the regulators.|
|Invigilator||A person who supervises individuals taking an examination or assessment|
|Learning programme||A course of study|
|Oral language modifier||Person who can modify/rephrase the carrier language of an assessment for an Apprentice whose first/preferred language is English, but who has specific difficulties with written language.|
|Malpractice||Actions and practices which threaten the integrity of public qualifications|
|Moderation||The process of checking that assessment standards have been applied correctly and consistently between assessors, Training Providers and over time, and making adjustments to results where required to compensate for any differences in standard that are encountered.|
|Portfolio||A collection of work submitted for assessment|
|Prompter||Person who draws the Apprentice’s attention back to the task in hand|
|Practical assistant||Person who carries out practical tasks at the instruction of the Apprentice|
|Reasonable adjustment||Any action that helps to reduce the effect of a disability or difficulty that places the Apprentice at a substantial disadvantage in the assessment situation. Arrangements are approved in advance of an examination or assessment.|
|Risk assessment||An estimation of the likelihood of something unfortunate happening as a result of a course of action.|
|Scribe||Person who writes down or word processes a Apprentice’s dictated responses|
|Qualification specification||A detailed statement or document which sets out the aims, purpose, content, structure, and assessment arrangements for a qualification.|
|Standard||The Apprenticeship Standard which details the Knowledge, Skills and Behaviours that make up occupational competency for a given job role.|
|Standards||The combination of knowledge, understanding and skills required to perform a job or task to the level of competence required in the workplace.|
|Sector body||A body (such as a Sector Skills Council) recognised by the regulatory authorities as responsible for formulating and reviewing standards of occupational competence for an employment sector.|
|Special consideration||Procedures implemented at the time of an examination to allow attainment to be demonstrated by an Apprentice who has been disadvantaged by temporary illness, injury, indisposition or adverse circumstances at the time of the examination.|
|Speech software||A computer programme that reads text.|
|Transcript||A full written or typewritten copy of information or material originally provided in writing, speech or sign language.|
|Voice activated software||A computer programme which responds to spoken instructions.|
Notes on the completion of the Reasonable Adjustment Form
- TQUK has designed this form to ensure that it is easy to understand and complete. However, we have provided some additional guidance for key fields below.
- Please fill in all a separate form should normally be completed for each Apprentice, for each standard, listing all units/components affected in the same standard.
- In the box Reason for application, please state precisely the nature of the disability or indisposition and its effects in relation to the assessment (e.g. cerebral palsy affecting movement of hands).
- The Training Provider is advised, wherever possible, to consult a specialist advisory service or other external service on the most appropriate arrangements for the Apprentices concerned and then consider their advice in the light of the course specifications.
- Please specify any information/evidence enclosed with the application which will assist understanding of the case. Medical or other appropriate evidence will not always be required but must be provided for cases that the head of Training Provider/examinations officer is unable to verify to the satisfaction of the awarding body.
- The head of Training Provider/examinations officer must support an application for it to be accepted.
- Please send completed forms to the Quality Assurance Department, via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Notes on the completion of the Special Consideration Form
- TQUK has designed this form to ensure that it is easy to understand and complete. However, we have provided some additional guidance for key fields below.
- Please complete in a full a separate form for each Apprentice, for each standard, listing all assessments/components affected in the same standard. However, in cases where a group of Apprentices have been disadvantaged by a particular event (eg fire alarm) a single form should be submitted. A list of Apprentices affected should be firmly attached to the form.
- Please state on the form the precise nature of the adverse circumstances affecting the Apprentice, including, in the appropriate boxes, the date when the circumstances first began to affect the Apprentice and whether the Apprentice is still affected by them during the examination.
- In cases where medical/psychological evidence is required, please ensure that this is securely attached to the form.
- The head of Training Provider/examinations officer must support an application for it to be accepted.
- After the publication of results, late applications may be accepted only in the most exceptional circumstances and only before the deadline for enquiries about results for the respective examination series.
- Please send completed forms to the Quality Assurance Department, via e-mail to email@example.com